Inter-Country Adoption (Step-by-step
Inter-country adoption process does not require the intervention of
a lawyer. The Inter-Country Adoption Board and its foreign
counterpart will process the required papers and documents. At
your option, you may engage the services of lawyer to act as your
liaison to expedite the processing of documents before the
Inter-country Adoption Board.
Filing an Application with ICAB
through a Foreign Adoption Agency
Foreign national residing abroad and who is interested in adopting a
child from the Philippines may file an application with the
Inter-country Adoption Board. This application is filed through a
foreign adoption agency accredited by ICAB preferably at the place
of residence of the prospective adopting parents. The waiting period for
the Board to approve the application is 3 months to 1 year.
Child recommended for inter-country
The DSWD recommends for inter-country adoption a child previously
committed to the Philippine government. This recommendation
certifies that inter-country adoption is in the best interest of the
The Inter-Country Adoption Placement Committee matches the child
with a person or couple interested in adopting and refers its
proposal back to ICAB for approval. The Inter-Country Adoption Act
of 1995 specifically prohibits contact between the child and
prospective adoptive parent (s) before such matching has been
approved by the Board
The Inter-Country Adoption Board notifies the foreign adoption
agency of its matching decision within five days. The adoptive
parents have 15 days to respond. If they agree to the proposed
match, the Board issues a Placement Authority within five days. This
placement authority allows the applicants to take custody of the
The child appears at the appropriate foreign Embassy for his/her
visa interview. The Inter-Country Adoption Board serves as a proxy
for the adoptive parents. ICAB prepares all the necessary documents
and fees, including passport and medical examination.
Child travels to a Foreign Land
The Inter-Country Adoption Act requires the adoptive parent(s) to
escort the child from the Philippines to the country of destination.
The adoptive parents must arrive no later than thirty days after the
appropriate visa has been issued.
Supervision of Trial Custody
Upon assuming custody of the child, the applicants enter a six-month
trial period where the accredited foreign adoption agency monitors
the child's welfare.
Petition for Adoption
The foreign nationals adoptive parents should file an adoption
petition with a court of his home country within 6 months of the
completion of the trial custody period.
Final Adoption Decree
The final adoption decree issued by a foreign court should be
submitted to ICAB within one month from issuance.
:: For the alternative procedure